The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has published its first annual report
on infectious diseases transmissible from animals to humans. These diseases,
called zoonotic diseases, affected over 380,000 EU citizens in 2004. Often the
human form of the disease is acquired through contaminated food. According to
the report, the two most frequently reported zoonotic diseases in humans were
Salmonella and Campylobacter infections. These bacteria were also commonly
found in food and animals.
The report provides data on 11 zoonotic diseases from the 25 European Union
(EU) countries and Norway for 2004 and data for previous years from many of
these countries. The report includes data on the following: Salmonella,
Campylobacter, Listeria monocytogenes, verotoxin producing E.coli, Brucella,
Yersinia, Trichinella, Echinococcus and Toxoplasma as well as tuberculosis
caused by Mycobacterium bovis and rabies.
The full zoonoses report has now been published on the EFSA website and its
results will be shared with the European Commission and European Centre for
Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). In addition, EFSA's Scientific Panels on
Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ) and Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW) will also
consider the results of the report during 2006.
AplusA-online.de - Source: European Agency for Safety and Health at Work