A Total Worker Health approach prioritizes a hazard-free work environment for
all workers. It applies a prevention approach that is consistent with
traditional occupational safety and health prevention principles of the
Hierarchy of Controls.
Eliminating or reducing recognized hazards in the workplace first, including
those related to the organization of work itself, is the most effective means
of prevention and thus is foundational to all Total Worker Health (TWH)
principles. Although some hazards can be eliminated from the work environment,
others (such as shift work) are more difficult to change. These must be managed
through various engineering, administrative, or (as the very last resort)
individual-level changes. Workplace programs that adopt a TWH approach
emphasize elimination or control of workplace hazards and other contributors to
poor safety, health, and well-being. This emphasis on addressing environmental
determinants of health is a crucial concept for TWH programs.
The Hierarchy of Controls Applied to The National Institute for Occupational
Safety and Health (NIOSH) Total Worker Health® provides a conceptual model for
prioritizing efforts to advance worker safety, health and well-being. This
applied model is based on the traditional Hierarchy of Controls well-known to
occupational safety and health professionals. As in the traditional Hierarchy,
controls and strategies are presented in descending order of anticipated
effectiveness and protectiveness. The Hierarchy of Controls Applied to NIOSH
Total Worker Health expands the traditional hierarchy from occupational safety
and health to include controls and strategies that more broadly advance worker
well-being. The Hierarchy of Controls Applied to NIOSH Total Worker Health is
not meant to replace the traditional Hierarchy of Controls, but rather is a
companion to this important occupational safety and health model. The Hierarchy
of Controls Applied to NIOSH Total Worker Health serves to illustrate how Total
approaches emphasize organizational-level interventions to protect workers'
safety, health, and well-being.
AplusA-online.de - Source: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)