Do Health Care Workers Stay Home from Work When Ill? Not Always

If you have gone to the doctor recently with flu-like symptoms,
your doctor may have advised you to stay home from work until you have recovered.
But, do you know if your doctor and other health care workers also follow that advice?
Unfortunately, many of them may not, according to a National Institute for
Occupational Safety and Health study in the US American Journal of Infection

Each year, the flu causes mild to severe illness and at times can lead to
death. One of the best ways to prevent the flu is by getting the flu vaccine.
If you do develop symptoms of the flu, however, you can prevent it from
spreading in the workplace by staying home. It is recommended staying home from
work until you have had no fever for at least 24 hours.

In this study, investigators wanted to learn if health care workers follow that
advice. They used a 2015 Internet survey of 1,914 health care workers to
calculate how often they reported going to work with flu-like symptoms,
including fever and cough or sore throat, during the 2014-2015 flu season. The
results showed that many of the survey respondents did not follow the
recommendation to stay home in order to prevent the spread of influenza in the
workplace. Overall, 41% reported working with flu-like symptoms for an average
of 3 days. By occupation, pharmacists were the most likely to work while sick,
with 67% reporting that they did so, followed by 63% of physicians. In other
findings that looked at work settings, health care workers employed by
hospitals were the most likely to report working while sick at 49%.

So, why do health care workers go to work while sick? Most survey respondents
who reported that they did so cited being able to perform their jobs despite
being sick. They also said that they did not feel sick enough to stay home and
miss work. Health care workers employed by long-term care facilities, however,
most commonly cited lost pay as a reason for going to work while sick.

These findings underscore the importance of interventions to decrease
transmission of the flu in health care settings, according to the
investigators. One approach is through training that dispels misconceptions
health care workers may have about working while sick. Another approach is to
consider improvements to paid sick leave policies.

More information

AplusA-online.de - Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health