The EU member countries are currently experiencing a major population upheaval.
This is due to the fall in the birth rate and the increase in life expectancy,
resulting in a phenomenon of population ageing.
Moreover, with the baby boom generation reaching retirement age and with young
people generally entering the labour market later, there are fears of a
shortage of labour. For the European countries, adapting to these population
changes represents a major challenge of a scale varying depending on the
national policies adopted. Reform of retirement systems - in particular the
promotion of active ageing and the goal of increasing the senior citizen
employment rate - is undoubtedly one of the main approaches.
But the improvement of working conditions, continuing vocational training and
communication programmes are other levers which can be operated. However, to
ensure the success of measures to extend working lives, the promotion of health
in general and the occupational health of senior citizens in particular seems
an indispensable prerequisite.
The public authorities, social partners, enterprises and social security
organisations, primarily those managing occupational injury and disease
insurance, have to act energetically in a real cultural revolution designed to
change attitudes and practices. The aim of this report is to present a review
of the current situation regarding employment of senior citizens in Europe,
review the general policies designed to increase their occupational
opportunities and present an overview of measures taken to increase their
employment rate in the member countries of the European Union.
AplusA-online.de - Source: European Agency for Safety and Health at Work