12/07/2005

Estimating the Global Burden of Disease and Injury Due to Occupational Risk Factors

The December 2005 Special Issue of the US American Journal of Industrial
Medicine is dedicated to "The Contribution of Occupational Risk Factors to the
Global Burden of Disease." The work was carried out as part of a World Health
Organization (WHO) Comparative Risk Assessment analysis of 26 risk factors to
the global burden of disease. The methodologic requirements limited the risk
factors that could be studied globally, so that the individual articles account
for about 800,000 of the estimated 2 million deaths that occur annually due to
occupational risks.

Individual articles include addressing the global burden due to occupational
carcinogens, airborne particulates, noise, ergonomic risks for back pain, and
risk for traumatic injury; estimating the global burden of infectious disease
due to sharps injuries among healthcare workers; and examining previous
published estimates of global burden due to occupational risks.

Three articles focus on economic issues: cost effectiveness of workplace
interventions to prevent silicosis and back pain, and an economic model used at
company level to evaluate the net costs involved in prevention of occupational
back pain.

Further Information


AplusA-online.de - Source: US National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)