Demographic ageing implies a greater participation by older people
in the labour market. To enable this, it is important to examine the factors that can
facilitate or hinder extended working lives. Making work more sustainable over
the life course requires working conditions that support individuals in
remaining in work until the statutory retirement age. Within the context of
Eurofound's concept of sustainable work over the life course', the Working
conditions of workers of different ages report analyses these factors in depth
for the 28 EU Member States using data from the latest European Working
Conditions Survey (EWCS 2015). The report also investigates the conditions of
employment for different age groups, linking them to work life balance, health
& well-being and career prospects.
Key findings show that poor working conditions have a negative impact on
sustainable work outcomes for all employees, regardless of age. Employees who
are exposed to physical risks and quantitative demands are more likely to
experience worse health and poorer work life balance. They are also more likely
to state that they will not be able to continue work until age 60. Intention to
depart the workforce earlier is also significantly associated with poor-quality
management and experiencing adverse social behaviour.
Some aspects of working conditions remain stable or deteriorate until the age
of 55 and then improve. Workers aged 55 and above report less exposure to
physical risks, shorter weekly working hours and greater working time autonomy;
older employees also report better work-life balance. However, older employees
also participate less in training, and have more limited career prospects.
AplusA-online.de - Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions