Women and men occupy different positions in the labor market
and, in turn, have different work-related exposures and subsequent health effects.
There is growing recognition that occupational studies need new methods to
account for these differences in order to improve the workplace. Women and men
can have different experiences of work exposures and health due to their sex,
referring to biological differences, or to their gender, referring to socially
constructed differences. Many occupational studies continue to ignore sex and
gender considerations or use single sex samples and assume that findings can be
generalized to both men and women.
A recently in the Annals of Work Exposures and Health published article
concludes that more research is needed that takes this diversity into account.
The purpose of gender and sex analyses in occupational health, as in public
health more broadly, is to improve the health and well-being of all people by
providing the evidence base for good practice and policies. Today's labor
market is more diverse than ever, both in relation to gendered and sexed
characteristics of labor market participants, as well as other aspects such as
race and ethnicity.
AplusA-online.de - Source: Annals of Work Exposures and Health