Germs are often spread when you touch something that is contaminated and then
touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. Learn nine good hygiene habits and what you
can do to help stop the spread of infections.
Knowing how germs spread can help you stop them in their tracks. Germs are
often spread when you touch something that is contaminated and then touch your
eyes, nose, or mouth. Some germs are hardy and can live for a long time (hours
or even longer) on surfaces like doorknobs, desks, and tables.
The best way to reduce the spread of infections is by washing your hands
frequently with soap and water. Here are some other simple tips to help keep
from spreading your germs to others, and to keep from catching someone else's -
especially during the cough, cold and "flu" season.
9 hygiene habits to help reduce the spread of infections
- Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly with warm water and soap, or
alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
- Get the appropriate vaccine (for example, the flu shot).
- Stay home if you are sick (so you do not spread your illness to other
- Cover your nose and mouth when sneezing and coughing (or cough into your
- Use single-use tissues for wiping your nose, and throw them directly into the
garbage after use.
- Wash your hands after coughing, sneezing or using tissues.
- If you work with or have young children, have them play with hard surface
toys that can be easily cleaned.
- Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth unless you have recently washed your
hands (viruses can transfer from your hands and into the body).
- Do not share food, cups, glasses, dishes or cutlery or anything else that
might be contaminated with germs.
Your employer can help by:
- Having an infection control plan (written plan outlining the organization's
approach regarding infection prevention and control);
- Providing appropriate hand washing facilities;
- Offering waterless alcohol-based hand sanitizers when regular washing
facilities are not available (or to people who work on the road);
- Providing boxes of tissues and encouraging their use;
- Reminding staff to not share cups, glasses, dishes and cutlery;
- Ensuring lunchroom dishes are washed in soap and water after use
- Routinely cleaning shared work areas, workstations and any other work areas
where germs may be spread;
- Making sure ventilation systems are working properly.
AplusA-online.de - Source: Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS)