29/06/2018

High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol Associated with Noisy Jobs

High blood pressure and high cholesterol are more common among
workers exposed to loud noise at work according to a study published by the US-American
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the American Journal of Industrial
Medicine. Researchers at CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and
Health (NIOSH) also found that a quarter of U.S. workers - an estimated 41
million people - reported a history of noise exposure at work.

High blood pressure and high LDL cholesterol are key risk factors for heart
disease, the leading cause of death for both men and women. Loud noise is one
of the most common workplace hazards in the United States affecting about 22
million workers each year.

NIOSH researchers analyzed data from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey
to estimate the prevalence of occupational noise exposure, hearing difficulty
and heart conditions within U.S. industries and occupations. They also looked
at the association between workplace noise exposure and heart disease. The
analysis showed:

- Twenty-five percent of current workers had a history of work-related noise
exposure; 14 percent were exposed in the last year.
- Twelve percent of current workers had hearing difficulty, 24 percent had high
blood pressure and 28 percent had high cholesterol. Of these cases 58 percent,
14 percent, and 9 percent, respectively, can be attributed to occupational
noise exposure.
- Industries with the highest prevalence of occupational noise exposure were
mining (61%), construction (51%), and manufacturing (47%).
- Occupations with the highest prevalence of occupational noise exposure were
production (55%); construction and extraction (54%); and installation,
maintenance, and repair (54%).

Further Information


AplusA-online.de - Source: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)