Job satisfaction is a dominant theme in the organisational psychology
literature with numerous studies aiming to understand the antecedents to it. An
OSHwiki article examines the empirical evidence surrounding job satisfaction.
It focuses on the factors that influence job satisfaction, including:
organisational support, superiors, co-workers, and conditions to work. Outcome
factors, at the organisational and individual level, are also explored. The
aurhors surveyed 3256 workers across Italy and found that career promotion and
career prospects had the strongest relationship with job satisfaction. However,
this study also observed that superiors, colleagues, growth, independence,
recognition, job variety, the physical environment, benefits, wage, hours, and
job certainty also had strong relationships with job satisfaction. This
highlights the numerous workplace factors that influence satisfaction at work.
In general, researchers have simplified the organisation of predictors into one
of five categories: individual worker factors, organisational support, superiors, co-workers and
conditions at work.
The authors conclude: The antecedents to job satisfaction can be broadly
grouped as into four main categories (organisational support, support from
superiors and co-workers, individual factors and conditions of work), and
organisations wishing to improve the levels of satisfaction should try to
address these antecedents as part of a comprehensive strategy to address
worker's health and overall satisfaction with work.
AplusA-online.de - Source: European Agency for Safety and Health at Work