In recent decades, the world of work has gone through some major changes due to
globalisation, tertiarisation and technological changes. Potential indirect
effects of globalisation may be intensification of work, job insecurity and
reduced autonomy. Tertiarisation, i.e. the increase of work in the service
sector, resulted in more emotional labour', which is associated with higher
risk of violence and harassment. Technological changes may lead to
techno-stress', which means an individual's anxiety about the ability to use
technology effectively or frustration if technology fails. In summary, these
changes have increased the exposure of employees to psychosocial risks.
Psychosocial risks that relate to the way work is designed, organised and
managed, as well as to the social context of work, may have severe consequences
for workers' health and well-being. Research has shown that work-related
psychosocial risks and stress may lead to a deterioration in mental health,
depression, cardiovascular disease and musculoskeletal disorders. Therefore,
appropriate management of these risks is necessary.
A new report details the findings of EU-OSHA's latest analysis, looking
specifically at psychosocial risks. It reveals that management commitment and
employee involvement are key to protecting Europe's workers from such risks.
However, the national context also matters. A strong economy, good national
occupational safety and health initiatives and cultural factors are all
associated with higher levels of psychosocial risk management. The report also
considers the practical implications of these findings.
AplusA-online.de - Source: European Agency for Safety and Health at Work