09/28/2017

Many Workers Get Too Little Sleep

There are significant differences in short sleep duration - less than seven
hours a night - among occupational groups, according to an US-American Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) study.

CDC researchers analyzed data from 179,621 currently employed adults who
participated in the 2013 or 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
(BRFSS) annual telephone survey. Respondents were from 29 states that
voluntarily administered an optional industry and occupation survey module.
Prevalence of short sleep duration was calculated for 22 major occupation
groups established by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, which were then further
broken down into 93 detailed occupation groups.

Among the 22 major occupation groups, adjusted prevalence of short sleep
duration ranged from 42.9 percent among production workers to 31.3 percent
among workers in the farming, fishing, and forestry occupation group and among
workers in the education, training, and library occupation group.

Adjusted prevalence of short sleep duration among the 93 detailed occupation
groups ranged from 58.2 percent among communications equipment operators (e.g.,
switchboard operators) to 21.4 percent among air transportation workers (e.g.,
pilots).

Other major occupation groups found to have a high adjusted prevalence of
workers reporting short sleep duration include:
- Health care support (40.1%),
- Health care practitioners and technical (40.0%),
- Food preparation and serving-related (39.8%), and
- Protective service (39.2%).

Detailed occupation groups with a high adjusted prevalence of short sleep
duration include:
- Nursing, psychiatric and home health aides within the healthcare support
major group (43.3%)
- Transportation (e.g., parking attendants, transportation inspectors, etc.)
(54%), and
- Rail transportation workers (e.g., locomotive engineers, subway operators,
etc.) (52.7%).

The American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the Sleep Research Society recommend
adults (18-60 years) get seven or more hours of sleep per day. However,
multiple factors may contribute to workers getting less than the recommended
amount. Shift work, job stress, work hours, and physically demanding work have
each been linked to sleep duration. Additionally, societal factors such as
round the clock access to technology and the pressure to work harder has
increased work hours and thus also led to an increase of short sleep among U.S.
adults.

Time at work continues to increase in the United States. U.S. workers have the
longest annual working hours among workers in all wealthy industrialized
countries, reducing the time available for sleep. A goal of Healthy People 2020
is to "increase public knowledge of how adequate sleep and treatment of sleep
disorders improve health, productivity, wellness, quality of life, and safety
on roads and in the workplace,” with a specific objective to increase the
proportion of adults getting sufficient sleep.

NIOSH offers training and resources about sleep, shiftwork, and fatigue for a
variety of audiences and workers including air transportation workers,
emergency responders, healthcare workers, railroad workers, and truck drivers.

Further Information


AplusA-online.de - Source: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)