08/12/2011

Metallic chromium - Evaluation of carcinogenicity and genotoxicity

Chromium metal is used to prepare ferrous and nonferrous alloys with high
purity specifications to confer oxidation and corrosion resistance.
Chromium-containing steels are used in general engineering, architectural
panels and fasteners, pollution control equipment, chemical equipment,
cryogenic uses, hospital equipment, domestic equipment, automotive parts,
engine components and food processing. Chromium alloys are used in a large
variety of applications, including jet engine parts, nuclear plants,
high-temperature reaction vessels, chemical industry equipment, high
temperature-resistant equipments, coinage, desalinization plants, ships'
propellers, acid-resistant equipment, cutting tools and implants. Occupational
exposure to airborne dusts containing chromium metal may occur during
production, welding, cutting and grinding of chromium alloys.

The Health Council of the Netherlands has reviewed metallic chromium. This
report is part of a series, in which the Health Council evaluates the effects
of substances on carcinogenicity and genotoxicity, at request of the Minister
of Social Affairs and Employment. It mainly concerns substances to which man
can be occupationally exposed.

At request of the Minister of Social Affairs and Employment, the Health Council
of the Netherlands evaluates and judges the carcinogenic properties of
substances to which workers are occupationally exposed. The evaluation is
performed by the Subcommittee on Classifying Carcinogenic Substances of the
Dutch Expert Committee on Occupational Safety of the Health Council.

More information


AplusA-online.de - Source: European Agency for Safety and Health at Work