Occupational diseases span a broad range of human illnesses, many of which
clinically and pathologically are not different from those of non-occupational
origins. They are contracted as a result of exposure to risk factors resulting,
at least partially, from work activities. The diagnosis of occupational
diseases can rarely be established on clinical grounds alone. It is essential
to reveal the link between occupation and disease because of the employers'
responsibility to prevent occupational diseases and the compensation of ill
workers. However, the list of reportable occupational diseases, as well as the
related compensation systems, differs from country to country, making
comparisons considerably more difficult.
According to recent estimates, work-related diseases account for about 200,000
deaths each year in Europe. Work-related ill-health and injury is costing the
European Union 476 billion every year which could be saved with the right
occupational safety and health (OSH) strategies, policies and practices.
EU-OSHA's work on work-related diseases aims to provide an evidence base for
prevention, policy and practice. Another important objective is to provide a
better overview of the extent of the occupational burden of disease.
AplusA-online.de - Source: European Agency for Safety and Health at Work