27.12.2004

Principal Emergency Response and Preparedness

The importance of an effective workplace safety and health program cannot be
overemphasized. There are many benefits from such a program, including
increased productivity, improved employee morale, reduced absenteeism and
illness, and reduced workers' compensation rates. Unfortunately, workplace
accidents and illnesses still occur in spite of efforts to prevent them, and
proper planning is necessary to effectively respond to emergencies.

Several Occupational Safety and Health standards explicitly require employers
to have emergency action plans for their workplaces. Emergency preparedness is
a well-known concept in protecting workers' safety and health. To help
employers, safety and health professionals, training directors, and others, the
requirements for emergencies are compiled and summarized in a booklet,
published by the Occupational Safety & Health Administration of the U.S.
Department of Labor.

This publication provides a generic, non-exhaustive overview of standards for
emergencies:


  • General Requirements for Workplaces

    • Design and construction requirements for exit routes
    • Maintenance, safeguards, and operational features for exit routes
    • Medical services and first aid
    • Portable fire extinguishers
    • Employee alarm systems

  • Additional Requirements for Workplaces
    • Emergency action plans
    • Fire prevention plans

  • Additional Requirements for Specific Workplaces/Operations
  • Requirements that Support Emergency Response and Preparedness
    • General requirements (Personal Protective Equipment)
    • Respiratory protection
    • Air contaminants
    • Bloodborne pathogens
    • Hazard communication

Further Information


AplusA-online.de - Source: Occupational Safety & Health Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor