11/28/2005

The influence of behaviour on slip and trip occurrence

The outcome of slip, trip and fall incidents is often serious for the
participants and a formidable economic burden for organisations and the economy.
An British HSE-funded report of a literature study offers information that may
be useful to persons who may be in a position to make interventions - to
influence human behaviour or make changes to environments, or to improve safety
performance.

It is accepted that to understand how to prevent an incident from occurring, it
is important to understand the causal or contributory factors. Recent research
into Slips, trips and falls has highlighted that the main problem preventing a
full understanding of the incidences is the lack of a detailed framework which
fully classifies type and causes of incidents. Much of this debate revolves
around the terms used for Slips, trips and falls ­ for example trip, slip,
missed edge, turned ankle, unintended step. The researchers argued this makes
it hard to establish a single definition, which has an impact on estimating the
true size of the problem from accident statistics and hospital reports.

The more serious implication for the understanding of Slips, trips and falls is
the lack of detail and root cause analysis. Whilst understanding the size of
the problem is, of course, important, it is more important to understand the
influencing factors.

In many cases the apparent conclusion to change footwear and flooring is either
not possible or not enough. Research needs to move deeper into the causal
factors and the psychology of behaviour to understand how to influence
individuals' actions.

A 'decision-making and behaviour model' is introduced, this was used as a
framework for research factors that may have influence over decision-making and
therefore behaviour.

Further info


AplusA-online.de - Source: Health and Safety Executive