06/28/2017

Wood Dust in Joineries and Furniture Manufacturing: An Exposure Determinant and Intervention Study

In an article published in the Annals of Work Exposures and Health (formerly
The Annals of Occupational Hygiene) the authors adress the exposure to wood
dust which is associated with an increased risk of nasal and sino-nasal
cancers, and highly exposed workers may also have an increased risk of lung
cancer. Non-malignant respiratory effects also occur, generally at levels well
below those considered to increase the risk of malignant effects, including
upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms and inflammation, impaired lung
function, increased bronchial responsiveness, and occupational asthma.

To assess wood dust exposures and determinants in joineries and furniture
manufacturing and to evaluate the efficacy of specific interventions on dust
emissions under laboratory conditions. Also, in a subsequent follow-up study in
a small sample of joinery workshops, the authors aimed to develop, implement,
and evaluate a cost-effective and practicable intervention to reduce dust
exposures.

Wood dust exposure is high in joinery workers and (to a lesser extent)
furniture makers with frequent use of hand tools and cleaning being key drivers
of exposure. Vacuum extraction on hand tools and alternative cleaning methods
reduced workplace exposures substantially, but may be insufficient to achieve
compliance with current occupational exposure limits.

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AplusA-online.de - Source: Annals of Work Exposures and Health