04/20/2004

Work-Related Roadway Crashes

Far to many people die in motor vehicle crashes. The U.S. Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Institute for Occupational Safety and
Health (NIOSH) therefor describe leading risk factors for fatal, work-related
roadway crashes, and make recommendations for preventing such work-related
deaths.

As a key step in preventing job-related fatalities in motor vehicle crashes,
employers should establish and enforce workplace driver safety policies.
Occupational safety and health professionals also can help by promoting safe
driving practices among employees, supporting collection and analysis of data
needed to identify risk factors and interventions, fostering partnerships, and
assessing interventions. Effective strategies for reducing motor-vehicle
related crash injuries in the general public can also reduce work-related crash
injuries.

Practical Steps to Preventing Fatalities

As part of a driver safety program employers should:

  • Provide a key member of the management team with responsibility and
    authority to set and enforce a comprehensive driver safety policy.

  • Require use of seat belts by all persons in a vehicle used on the job.

  • Select vehicles that provide high levels of occupant protection.

  • Maintain complete and accurate records of driving performance.

  • Stipulate that driving is a task that requires full attention, including
    instructions to avoid placing or taking cell phone calls while the vehicle is
    in operation.

  • Set schedules that allow adequate time for employees to make deliveries or
    visit clients without violating traffic laws or safety regulations.

  • Ensure that employees are properly licensed and trained to operate the
    vehicle they are assigned.

  • Implement a vehicle maintenance program that includes pre-trip inspections,
    immediate withdrawal from service of any vehicle with mechanical defects, and
    regularly scheduled withdrawal of vehicles for comprehensive inspection and
    maintenance.

Further Information


AplusA-online.de - Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)