The Health Hazard Evaluation (HHE) Program evaluated potential health hazards
at a vehicle repair shop. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
(NIOSH) investigators evaluated employee concerns about cleaning solvents,
diesel exhaust, and potential asbestos exposure. We found fiberglass and
cellulose, but no asbestos, in brake dust and brake shoe and pad samples.
Connections between vehicle exhaust pipes and exhaust hoses were loose and not
routinely vented to the outdoors, allowing vehicular exhaust to enter the
maintenance shop. One employee had skin and throat irritation that was likely
work related; one reported eye irritation. Recommendations are given to reduce
diesel exhaust and solvent exposure, reduce skin exposure to solvents and
fiberglass, enforce a no smoking policy in the maintenance and body shops,
follow the OSHA respiratory protection program, and take precautions to lessen
skin and respiratory irritation.
Investigators recommended that the shop continue to use brake shoes and pads
that do not contain asbestos, and discontinue use of brake cleaners that
contain tetrachloroethylene. Investigators also recommended that connections
between exhaust pipes and exhaust hoses be tightened and vehicular exhaust
hoses be connected to exterior windows for proper ventilation. Employees were
encouraged to clean skin with mild soap and water and apply moisturizing lotion
to protect skin.
AplusA-online.de - Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)