The worker standing on a production line, the nurse working in a clinic and the
student landscaping all work in vastly different fields - and all share
something in common: hazards. In Canada, employers are responsible for
assessing the health and safety risks of a job and for putting measures in
place to ensure the safety of their workers.
Job safety analysis (JSA) is an important part of that process. It focuses on
the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work
environment, and tries to identify hazards before they occur.
The JSA process starts with selecting the job to be analyzed. There are several
questions that need to be considered when selecting the job, such as:
After the specific job has been selected, a JSA is conducted following these
1. Break it down
Break the job into steps or tasks noting what is done for each, rather than how
it is done. Most tasks can be summarized in less than 10 steps. These steps
should be kept in their correct sequence as any step out of order may miss
serious potential hazards or introduce hazards that do not actually exist.
2. Identify hazards
Carefully analyze each task of the job and list the potential health and safety
hazards for each based on your observations of the job, knowledge of accident
and injury causes, and work experience. Seek the input of the workers who have
experience in that job.
3. Determine preventive measures
The final stage in a JSA is to determine practical ways to prevent or control
the hazards that have been identified:
Workers performing the job as well as the supervisor and a representative from
the health and safety committee should be involved in conducting the JSA. The
more skill and years experience applied to identifying hazards in a job, the
safer the job and the employees will be.
AplusA-online.de - Source: Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety