Corporate Social Responsibility - National public policies in the European Union

Tackling unemployment is a major concern for European citizens. The European
Employment Strategy (EES) helps European Union countries to create more and
better jobs. Objectives, priorities and targets are agreed at EU level.
Governments then coordinate their efforts to promote employment.

A second compendium maps out Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policies
across the 27 Member States of the European Union. It shows that public
policies on this issue evolve rapidly as CSR is an innovative and flexible
means to address some of the current challenges facing European societies. It
is available in English, French and German.

In line with the Lisbon Strategy, the European Employment Strategy's three-year
reporting cycle is based on:

  • Employment Guidelines: proposed by the Commission following the Spring
    European Council conclusions, and adopted by the Council. They set out common
    priorities for Member States' employment policies.

  • National Reform Programmes: every Member State draws up a programme in which
    is described how these Guidelines are going to be designed and implemented

  • Joint Employment Report: it is the Employment chapter of the EU Annual
    Progress Report as adopted by the Council.

  • Recommendations: The Council may decide, by qualified majority, to issue
    country-specific Recommendations upon a proposal by the Commission.

  • EU annual progress report: the Commission reviews progress made at both
    national and Community levels, based on regular monitoring and on evaluation of
    the implementation of the Member states national programmes.

The EES uses an 'open method of co-ordination', based on five key principles.
Subsidiarity (balance between European Union level and the Member States),
convergence (concerted action), mutual learning (exchanging of good practice),
integrated approach (structural reforms also extend to social, educational,
tax, enterprise and regional policies) and management by objectives.

The strategy uses quantified measurements, targets and benchmarks, to allow for
a proper monitoring and evaluation of progress. In this context, indicators are
used to assess the performance and efforts by Member States in the field of
employment policies and are a support for the analysis of the National Reform
Programmes and in the EU annual progress report which will integrate the Joint
Employment Report.

The indicators are agreed in the Employment Committee (EMCO) on an annual
basis. The Employment Committee's working group on Indicators assists EMCO on
the selection and development of indicators required to monitor the Employment
Guidelines. The Commission and the Member States work together in this
Indicators group. Work is going on within the group to improve the
comparability, reliability and timeliness of databases. DG Employment, Social
Affairs and Equal Opportunities co-operates to a large extent with Eurostat in
this field.

More information

AplusA-online.de - Source: European Agency for Safety and Health at Work