A comparative study published by the European Industrial Relations Observatory
(EIRO) and the "European Foundation for the improvement of living and working
conditions" analyses the state of gender mainstreaming in industrial relations
in 17 EU Member States and Norway. It examines collective bargaining and its
results, as well as the gender mainstreaming policy and infrastructure of trade
unions and employers' organisations. Government policy and legislation is dealt
with as far as is necessary to provide insight into the national context in
which the social partners operate.
The study finds that gender mainstreaming is primarily a matter for government
regulation and policies, and that not many connections are made between the
governmental regulatory/institutional framework and collective bargaining.
However, gender mainstreaming is on the agenda of the central trade union
organisations in all countries concerned. Employers' confederations tend to
have a less developed mainstreaming approach, to stress different aspects,
notably diversity policies, and to prefer tailor-made solutions over general
rules. Nevertheless, gender is being mainstreamed into collective bargaining in
many countries, most often at the national multi-sector level. These agreements
are usually frameworks of aims, to be elaborated at sector or company level, or
take the form of recommendations to lower bargaining levels.
The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national reports
submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these national
reports is available in Word format. The reports have not been edited or
approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working
Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a questionnaire
and should be read in conjunction with it.
AplusA-online.de - Source: European Industrial Relations Observatory (EIRO)