13.06.2019

Trends in the Control Strategies for Occupational Exposure to Carcinogenic, Mutagenic, and Reprotoxic Chemicals

Although significant advances have been made in the fight against cancer, this
disease remains a key public health concern and a tremendous burden on European
societies. It is the second highest cause of death in the European Union: in
2014, almost 1.3 million people died of cancer. Four to ten percent of all
cancer deaths in the EU are thought to be work related. Furthermore,
occupational cancers are estimated to account for 57% of the annual number of
work-related deaths. The World Health Organization (WHO) has indicated that
this is a result of the widespread use of various carcinogenic substances. The
WHO has, therefore, urged governments and industry parties to ensure that
workplaces are equipped with adequate means to meet the recommended health and
safety standards.

A recently in the Annals of Work Exposures and Health published study the
trends in the Control Strategies for Occupational Exposure to Carcinogenic,
Mutagenic, and Reprotoxic Chemicals in France (2003-2010) are anlysed. The
authors describe that exposure situations without any protective measures
decreased considerably between 2003 and 2010. But here is need of more
source-based controls (e.g. an isolation chamber and local exhaust
ventilation). They show furthermore that the protection strategies depended on
the job characteristics (e.g. work schedules, the employment contract, and the
occupation) as well as the size of the company. There were noticeable changes
between 2003 and 2010. For example, differences in protections available
between full-time and part-time workers disappeared in the 7-year period,
whereas those between executives/managers and other employees increased, as did
the gaps between large and small companies.

More Info


AplusA-online.de - Source: Annals of Work Exposures and Health