Amputations are among the most severe and disabling workplace injuries that
often result in permanent disability. They are widespread and involve various
activities and equipment. These injuries result from the use and care of
machines such as saws, presses, conveyors, and bending, rolling or shaping
machines as well as from powered and non-powered hand tools, forklifts, doors,
trash compactors and during materials handling activities.
The US Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA) therfore issued 'Safeguarding Equipment and Protecting Employees from
Amputations', a revised guide to assist employers in providing a safe and
healthful workplace for their employees.
Anyone responsible for the operation, servicing, and maintenance (also known as
use and care) of machines - employers, employees, safety professionals, and
industrial hygienists - should read this publication. Primary safeguarding, as
used in this publication, includes control methods that protect (e.g., prevent
employee contact with hazardous machine areas) employees from machine hazards
through effective machine guarding techniques. In addition, a hazardous energy
control (lockout/tagout) program needs to complement machine safeguarding
methods in order to protect employees during potentially hazardous servicing
and maintenance work activities.
This guide can help you, the small business employer, identify and manage
common amputation hazards associated with the operation and care of machines.
The first two sections of the document, Recognizing Amputation Hazards and
Controlling Amputation Hazards, look at sources of amputations and how to
safeguard machinery and control employee exposure to hazardous energy
(lockout/tagout) during machine servicing and maintenance activities. The
section on Specific Machinery Hazards and Safeguarding Methods identifies the
hazards and various control methods for machinery associated with workplace
amputations, such as: mechanical power presses, press brakes, conveyors,
printing presses, roll-forming and roll-bending machines, shears, food slicers,
meat grinders, meatcutting band saws, drill presses, milling machines, grinding
machines, and slitting machines.
AplusA-online.de - Source: U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration